Anything from tonsillitis to swimmer’s ear, the ENT specialist – or otolaryngologist – will help to treat the problems related to the ear, the nose, and also the throat.

Examining the ears, the nose, and the throat

Otolaryngology is a medical specialty which focuses on problems and disorders of the ear, the nose, and the throat – referred to as the ENT region – as well as other related areas in the neck and head. If you are suffering with a problem that is in some way related to your ears, your nose, or your throat, you might need to pay a visit to an ENT specialist, also referred to as an ear, nose, and throat doctor, or as an otolaryngologist.

What is it that an ENT specialist does?

Besides their graduation from medical school, normally after four years, the board certified ENT specialist will have completed a minimum of five years of training in specialty practices and will have passed the American Board of Otolaryngology certification exam.

The ENT specialist is an expert in medical and also surgical management principles with respect to the following:

  • Ear conditions: You might need to consult with your ear, nose, and throat doctor. Should you have an ear condition or disorder, for example, a hearing impairment, various disorders that adversely impact your balance, ear infections, pain inside your ear, or tinnitus (a sense of ringing inside the ears), this is when you would consult the ENT. The ENT specialist is also fully capable of treating congenital ear disorders (those that you were born with).
  • Conditions related to the nose: The specialist ENT will regularly manage and also treat problem issues that are related to the sinuses, the nose, and the nasal cavity. Such problems will very possibly affect breathing, sense of smell, and also can impact physical appearance.
  • Conditions related to the throat: Conditions and disorders that can affect the throat may also then have an impact on the ability to speak, to sing, to eat, to swallow, and can furthermore affect digestion. The ENT specialist will be able to diagnose, to manage, and to likewise, treat various related problems.
  • Conditions that are related to the neck and head: The ENT specialist has undergone the training so as to be able to manage tumors, deformities of the head, manage diseases, deal with trauma, and also work with issues related to the face and neck. Further, they have been trained to carry out reconstructive and cosmetic surgeries in these particular areas of the body. The ENT specialist is also able to handle problems that are related to the nerves in both the neck and the head. These nerves are involved in the control of smell, sight, facial movement, and in hearing.

There are many ENT specialists who go on to complete an extra one or perhaps two years intensive training in any one of the subspecialty niches of otolaryngology listed below:

  • Otology/ audiology (specialty in balance, ears, and tinnitus)/ neurotology.
  • Pediatric otolaryngology (specialty in ENT problems that are related to children).
  • Reconstructive and facial plastic surgeries.
  • Rhinology (specialty in the sinus and nasal cavities).
  • Neck and head surgery (specialty in tumors that have arisen in the neck and head).
  • Laryngology (specialty in the voice, the throat, and in swallowing).

Various otolaryngologists maintain certain sub-certifications in the provision of sleep medicine prescriptions.

Who is it that needs to consult with the ENT specialist?

The conditions that are most frequently treated by the ear, nose, and throat doctor include the following:

  • Problems related to nerves in the nose, ears, or throat.
  • Injuries to the nose, throat, or to the ears.
  • Problems with balance.
  • Ear infections.
  • Hearing impairment.
  • Swimmer’s ear.
  • Tonsil/ adenoid infection.
  • Birth defects that have impacted the ear, the nose, or the throat.
  • Pain in the ears, the throat, or the nose.
  • Problems with breathing.
  • A tumor or other growth in the nose, ear, or throat.
  • Those who have Down’s syndrome.
  • Sinus issues.
  • Eyelids drooping.
  • Problems with the sinuses.
  • Deviated septum.
  • An undesired appearance of the face or nose.
  • Hair loss.
  • Cleft palate.
  • Nasal congestions.
  • Nose bleeds.
  • Problems with the voice or with swallowing.
  • Sore throat.
  • Issues with smell.
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

Should you be having problems with any of the above, get in touch with an ENT specialist.